To become a veterinarian you will need to pursue a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.M.V. or V.M.D.) degree. The college of veterinary medicine you choose should be accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). Accreditation by the AVMA Council on Education (COE) represents the highest standard of achievement for veterinary medical education in the United States. Graduation from an AVMA accredited school is a prerequisite for licensure in the majority of states. There are currently 28 colleges in 26 states that meet the accreditation standards set by the COE - AVMA. Alabama and California are the only two states with more than one accredited school.
Admission to a veterinary college is very competitive only about 1 in 3 applicants is accepted. The number of applicants has risen significantly while the number of accredited veterinary colleges has stayed the same since about 1983.
Veterinary Technician and Technologist Schools
The same rules hold true for veterinary technician and technologist schools as veterinarian schools. If you are considering a veterinary medical career as a veterinary tech you will need to look for programs accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA).
There are two different degrees a vet tech can pursue. The first is a 2 year associate's degree offered at community colleges and institutes. This Associate in Science degree should include relevant general education courses, veterinary technology courses, and veterinary support courses. The training should also include clinical practice under the supervision of a certified faculty member. Veterinary technologists need to complete a bachelor's degree which takes about 4 years. These two positions are very similar, the difference is that a technologist takes 2 more years of school emphasizing on laboratory animal sciences. Veterinary technologists usually work in a laboratory setting doing research instead of a private veterinary practice. There are only about 20 schools in the nation offering a technologist degree.